The believers' prayer is His prayer: hence arises its acceptability with God. Paul visited the region againin A… The smallpox had for long committed its ravages before inoculation, and then vaccination, was discovered. at the first—literally, "at the former time"; implying that at the time of writing he had been twice in Galatia. In another point of view, though not the immediate one intended by the context, this verse expresses, "Because ye are sons (already in God's electing purpose of love), God sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts," &c.: God thus, by sending His Spirit in due time, actually conferring that sonship which He already regarded as a present reality ("are") because of His purpose, even before it was actually fulfilled. It is as if a schoolmaster should go back to learning the A, B, C'S [Bengel]. This every man must remember in his place and calling. Appeal to them not to turn back from their privileges as free sons, to legal bondage again. Galatians 4:1-3 The Jews were for a while held under the law, as an heir under his guardian till he be of age. The former time was when I was "present with you" (Ga 4:18; compare Note, see on Ga 4:13). Get the free Bible Hub App! 4:19,20 The Galatians were ready to account the apostle their enemy, but he assures them he was their friend; he had the feelings of a parent toward them. All our knowledge of God begins on his part; we know him because we are known of him. 3 Even so we, when we were children, () were in bondage under the elements of the world. even so it is now—(Ga 5:11; 6:12, 17; Ac 9:29; 13:45, 49, 50; 14:1, 2, 19; 17:5, 13; 18:5, 6). ", answereth—literally, "stands in the same rank with"; "she corresponds to.". 3 O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? Galatians 4 Commentary; Galatians 4 Commentary - Less Greek; JOSEPH BENSON. Moreover, as the Spirit of God proceeds from God the Father, so the Spirit of the Son proceeds from the Son: so that the Holy Ghost, as the Creed says, "proceedeth from the Father and the Son." The divine power of Paul's words and works, contrasting with the feebleness of his person (2Co 10:10), powerfully at first impressed the Galatians, who had all the impulsiveness of the Celtic race from which they sprang. Literally, The letters of the alphabet (Heb 5:12). Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? "We are" so, and ought to wish to continue so. Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first. thou—individualizing and applying the truth to each. If circumstances permitted (which they do not), I would gladly be with you [M. Stuart]. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free. An angel is free from the flesh, infirmity, and temptation. As among the Jews the bondage of the mother determined that of the child, the children of the free covenant of promise, answering to Sarah, are free; the children of the legal covenant of bondage are not so. God's great grace in this made their fall from it the more heinous. "If any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His" (Ro 8:9). Galatians. him … born after the Spirit—The language, though referring primarily to Isaac, born in a spiritual way (namely, by the promise or word of God, rendered by His Spirit efficient out of the course of nature, in making Sarah fruitful in old age), is so framed as especially to refer to believers justified by Gospel grace through faith, as opposed to carnal men, Judaizers, and legalists. The Greek is a legal term, expressing a time defined by law, or testamentary disposition. It was essential to the honor of God's law to permit evil long before He revealed the full remedy. This is the conclusion inferred from what precedes. Translate as Greek, "I could wish." For the "we" in Ga 4:5 plainly refers to both Jew and Gentile believers. elements—"rudiments." In reproving others, we should take care to convince them that our reproofs are from sincere regard to the honour of God and religion and their welfare. Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1981. Both systems consisted in outward worship and cleaved to sensible forms. Based on the RSV Following a fairly extensive introduction the writer settles down to provide his readers with brief comments on select words and/or phrases in the text. Let those professors look to it, who have a violent, harsh, imposing spirit, towards the people of God. He was not pleasedwith them. I desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I stand in doubt of you. how—expressing indignant wonder at such a thing being possible, and even actually occurring (Ga 1:6). Sinai, with its rugged rocks, far removed from the promised land, was well suited to represent the law which inspires with terror, and the spirit of bondage. But Paul’s real emphasis was that salvation is not works oriented and that the Galatians liberty … And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, 14. my temptation—The oldest manuscripts read, "your temptation." Commentary on Galatians 3:23-25 (Read Galatians 3:23-25 ) The law did not teach a living, saving knowledge; but, by its rites and ceremonies, especially by its sacrifices, it pointed to Christ, that they might be justified by faith. Galatians 2 Commentary; HENRY ALFORD. Galatians 4:8-20 A Preacher's Fears for a Backsliding Church; BIBLE HUB It is good to be zealous always in a good thing; not for a time only, or now and then, but always. Paul, by anticipation, meets this objection by saying, Ye are sons, therefore ye need not be as children (Ga 4:1) under the tutorship of the law, as being already in the free state of "sons" of God by faith in Christ (Ga 3:26), no longer in your nonage (as "children," Ga 4:1). The older interpreters, however, support English Version (compare Ga 1:14). Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. Perhaps his reason for using allegory was to confute the Judaizers with their own weapons: subtle, mystical, allegorical interpretations, unauthorized by the Spirit, were their favorite arguments, as of the Rabbins in the synagogues. May the temper and conduct of sons ever show our adoption; and may the Holy Spirit witness with our spirits that we are children and heirs of God. ON SITE COMMENTARY. Let us rest our souls on the Scriptures, and by a gospel hope and cheerful obedience, show that our conversation and treasure are indeed in heaven. The sloppy “s… Thus the redeemed are heirs THROUGH the Triune God, not through the law, nor through fleshly descent [Windischmann in Alford]; (Ga 3:18 confirms this). The two covenants of works and grace, and legal and evangelical professors, are shadowed forth. as Christ—being Christ's representative (Mt 10:40). 2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? times—Greek, "seasons," namely, those of the three great feasts, the Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles. In Ro 8:15, "The Spirit of adoption" is said to be that whereby WE cry, "Abba, Father"; but in Ro 8:26, "The Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered." And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? Here he describes a second trip to Jerusalem, fourteen years later. Hagar twice fled into the desert of Arabia (Ge 16:1-16; 21:9-21): from her the mountain and city took its name, and the people were called Hagarenes. change my voice—as a mother (Ga 4:19): adapting my tone of voice to what I saw in person your case might need. It is not, as in earthly inheritances, the death of the father, but our Father's sovereign will simply that makes us heirs. At the gloomy scene of the giving of the Law, he learned to appreciate, by contrast, the grace of the Gospel, and so to cast off all his past legal dependencies. My relation to you is not merely that of one zealously courting you (Ga 4:17, 18), but that of a father to his children (1Co 4:15). 16. Nothing is so sure a proof that a sinner has passed into a state of justification, as Christ being formed in him by the renewal of the Holy Spirit; but this cannot be hoped for, while men depend on the law for acceptance with God. "You would have torn out your own eyes to supply the lack of mine." sent forth—Greek, "sent forth out of heaven from Himself" [Alford and Bengel]. Subsequently they soon changed with the fickleness which is equally characteristic of Celts. And as that was a dispensation of darkness, so of bondage; they were tied to many burdensome rites and observances, by which they were taught and kept subject like a child under tutors and governors. Though the Galatians, as Gentiles, had never been under the Mosaic yoke, yet they had been under "the elements of the world" (Ga 4:3): the common designation for the Jewish and Gentile systems alike, in contrast to the Gospel (however superior the Jewish was to the Gentile). Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. Christ be formed in you—that you may live nothing but Christ, and think nothing but Christ (Ga 2:20), and glory in nothing but Him, and His death, resurrection, and righteousness (Php 3:8-10; Col 1:27). Although by nature children of wrath and disobedience, they become by grace children of love, and partake of the nature of the children of God; for he will have all his children resemble him. Abraham—whose sons ye wish to be (compare Ro 9:7-9). After having sufficiently maintained his point by argument, the apostle confirms and illustrates it by an inspired allegorical exposition of historical facts, containing in them general laws and types. ye would have plucked out your own eyes—one of the dearest members of the body—so highly did you value me: a proverbial phrase for the greatest self-sacrifice (Mt 5:29). "The Church has its own ages" [Bengel]. ye have not injured me at all—namely, at the period when I first preached the Gospel among you, and when I made myself as you are, namely, living as a Gentile, not as a Jew. i. Abba, Father—The Hebrew says, "Abba" (a Hebrew term), the Greek, "Father" ("Pater," a Greek term in the original), both united together in one Sonship and one cry of faith, "Abba, Father." "Mother of us," namely, believers who are already members of the invisible Church, the heavenly Jerusalem, hereafter to be manifested (Heb 12:22). Both were in bondage to the elements of sense, as though these could give the justification and sanctification which the inner and spiritual power of God alone could bestow. many more—Translate as Greek, "Many are the children of the desolate (the New Testament Church made up in the greater part from the Gentiles, who once had not the promise, and so was destitute of God as her husband), more than of her which hath an (Greek, 'THE') husband (the Jewish Church having God for her husband, Isa 54:5; Jer 2:2)." Jerusalem which now is—that is, the Jerusalem of the Jews, having only a present temporary existence, in contrast with the spiritual Jerusalem of the Gospel, which in germ, under the form of the promise, existed ages before, and shall be for ever in ages to come. Yet theirs, like yours, was a burdensome yoke; how then is it ye wish to resume the yoke after that God has transferred both Jews and Gentiles to a free service? Ge 21:10, 12, where Sarah's words are, "shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac." Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. God often permits physical evil long before he teaches the remedy. and—The oldest manuscripts read, "For she is in bondage." The Father was not begotten: the Son is begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost proceeding from the Father and the Son. The Spirit of God's only Begotten Son in your hearts, sent from, and leading you to cry to, the Father, attests your sonship by adoption: for the Spirit is the "earnest of your inheritance" (Ro 8:15, 16; Eph 1:13). The whole life alike belongs to the Lord in the Gospel view, just as the whole world, and not the Jews only, belong to Him. Here, you can find book-by-book, chapter-by-chapter, and verse-by-verse commentary on the entire Bible (eventually). the heir—(Ga 3:29). Peter's Good Will to the Galatians Should Lead Them to the Same Good Will to Him as They Had at First Shown. But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? 29. persecuted—Ishmael "mocked" Isaac, which contained in it the germ and spirit of persecution (Ge 21:9). 8-11. So Estius. 21. desire—of your own accord madly courting that which must condemn and ruin you. If I could add a chapter it would be entitled, “The Hermeneutics of Heresy.” (Hermeneutics is the method by which the Bible is interpreted.) For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. a bond maid … a free woman—rather, as Greek, "the bond maid … the free woman.". Matthew Henry (18 October 1662 – 22 June 1714) was an English commentator on the Bible, who published his works in 1706, (six-volume Exposition of the Old and New Testaments (1708–1710) or Complete Commentary), provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the Bible, covering the whole of the Old Testament, and the Gospels and Acts in the New Testament. History, if properly understood contains in its complicated phenomena, simple and continually recurring divine laws. weak—powerless to justify: in contrast to the justifying power of faith (Ga 3:24; compare Heb 7:18). "How is it that ye turn back again?". Paul was familiar with the district of Sinai in Arabia (Ga 1:17), having gone thither after his conversion. 15. But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him. Not God—not opposed to `` she corresponds to. ``, even with Isaac. which. 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